Exposure to microwaves from cellphones results in nerve cell damage

_70542835_c0177401-brain_activity,_artwork-splEnviron Health Perspect. 2003 June; 111(7): 881–883.
PMCID: PMC1241519
Research Article

Nerve cell damage in mammalian brain after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.


The possible risks of radio-frequency electromagnetic fields for the human body is a growing concern for our society. We have previously shown that weak pulsed microwaves give rise to a significant leakage of albumin through the blood-brain barrier. In this study we investigated whether a pathologic leakage across the blood-brain barrier might be combined with damage to the neurons. Three groups each of eight rats were exposed for 2 hr to Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) mobile phone electromagnetic fields of different strengths. We found highly significant (p< 0.002) evidence for neuronal damage in the cortex, hippocampus, and basal ganglia in the brains of exposed rats.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (340K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Adey WR, Byus CV, Cain CD, Higgins RJ, Jones RA, Kean CJ, Kuster N, MacMurray A, Stagg RB, Zimmerman G, et al. Spontaneous and nitrosourea-induced primary tumors of the central nervous system in Fischer 344 rats chronically exposed to 836 MHz modulated microwaves.Radiat Res. 1999 Sep;152(3):293–302. [PubMed]
  • Fritze K, Sommer C, Schmitz B, Mies G, Hossmann KA, Kiessling M, Wiessner C. Effect of global system for mobile communication (GSM) microwave exposure on blood-brain barrier permeability in rat. Acta Neuropathol. 1997 Nov;94(5):465–470. [PubMed]
  • Gruenau SP, Oscar KJ, Folker MT, Rapoport SI. Absence of microwave effect on blood-brain barrier permeability to [14C]sucrose in the conscious rat. Exp Neurol. 1982 Feb;75(2):299–307. [PubMed]
  • Hardell L, Hallquist A, Mild K Hansson, Carlberg M, PÃ¥hlson A, Lilja A. Cellular and cordless telephones and the risk for brain tumours. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2002 Aug;11(4):377–386. [PubMed]
  • Hassel B, Iversen EG, Fonnum F. Neurotoxicity of albumin in vivo.Neurosci Lett. 1994 Feb 14;167(1-2):29–32. [PubMed]
  • Hyland GJ. Physics and biology of mobile telephony. Lancet. 2000 Nov 25;356(9244):1833–1836. [PubMed]
  • Oscar KJ, Hawkins TD. Microwave alteration of the blood-brain barrier system of rats. Brain Res. 1977 May 6;126(2):281–293. [PubMed]
  • Prato FS, Frappier JR, Shivers RR, Kavaliers M, Zabel P, Drost D, Lee TY. Magnetic resonance imaging increases the blood-brain barrier permeability to 153-gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid in rats. Brain Res.1990 Jul 23;523(2):301–304. [PubMed]
  • Repacholi MH, Basten A, Gebski V, Noonan D, Finnie J, Harris AW. Lymphomas in E mu-Pim1 transgenic mice exposed to pulsed 900 MHZ electromagnetic fields. Radiat Res. 1997 May;147(5):631–640. [PubMed]
  • Salford LG, Brun A, Sturesson K, Eberhardt JL, Persson BR. Permeability of the blood-brain barrier induced by 915 MHz electromagnetic radiation, continuous wave and modulated at 8, 16, 50, and 200 Hz. Microsc Res Tech. 1994 Apr 15;27(6):535–542. [PubMed]
  • Schirmacher A, Winters S, Fischer S, Goeke J, Galla HJ, Kullnick U, Ringelstein EB, Stögbauer F. Electromagnetic fields (1.8 GHz) increase the permeability to sucrose of the blood-brain barrier in vitro.Bioelectromagnetics. 2000 Jul;21(5):338–345. [PubMed]
  • Shivers RR, Kavaliers M, Teskey GC, Prato FS, Pelletier RM. Magnetic resonance imaging temporarily alters blood-brain barrier permeability in the rat. Neurosci Lett. 1987 Apr 23;76(1):25–31. [PubMed]

Articles from Environmental Health Perspectives are provided here courtesy of National Institute of Environmental Health Science

Tags: , ,

No comments yet.

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.