Why was Einstein a Genius, and what does EMF do to the brain?

Why was Einstein a Genius?

To understand what damage EMF does to the brain, first you need to know something about how the brain works. It is fascinating–just hang in with me! This was a wonderful short story a Stanford University neuroscientist friend told me in 1983….

For decades glial cells were considered the “packing peanuts” of the brain. Glial cells were only recently discovered to provide the connections between brain cells, that is, neuroglia provide the pathways between neurons that allow association of ideas. One prominent UC Berkeley neuroscientist and professor of neuroanatomy, Marian Diamond, discovered that Einstein’s brain (willed to science and kept in plasticine slices for research purposes) had an unusually large number of glial cells.

Professor Diamond and her team counted the number of neurons and glial cells in Einstein’s brain: area 9 and area 39 of the cerebral cortex on the right and left hemisphere. Area 9 is located in the frontal lobe (prefrontal cortex) and is thought to be important for planning behavior, attention and memory. In the illustration above,

9 is in the yellow, just above 40. 39 is harder to see, it’s where the green part touches the blue section of the brain.]

Area 39 is located in the parietal lobe and is part of the “association cortex.” Area 39 is thought to be involved with language and several other complex functions.

The ratios of neurons to glial cells in Einstein’s brain were compared to those from the brains of 11 men who died at the average age of 64.These scientists reported that Einstein’s brain appeared to have a higher percentage of glial cells, the cells that support and nourish the network of neurons (1).

The group concluded that the greater number of glial cells ‘oligodendroglia’ — helper cells that speed neural communication — per neuron might indicate the neurons in Einstein’s brain had an increased “metabolic need” – they needed and used more energy. In this way, perhaps Einstein had better thinking abilities and conceptual skills. However, it is important to note that the areas 9 and 39 make important connections with many other areas of the brain and complex behavior is the result of many areas acting together. [From: Why Einstein Was a Genius? By: Silvia Helena Cardoso, PhD. http://www.cerebromente.org.br/n11/mente/eisntein/einstein.html

Now, for the research on EMF affects on glial cells….Very brief and readable–like taking your brain on a new, short walk:

THE ENVIRONMENTALIST

Volume 27, Number 4, 493-500, DOI: 10.1007/s10669-007-9118-4

Non-thermal effects of EMF upon the mammalian brain: the Lund experience

Leif G. SalfordHenrietta NittbyArne BrunGustav GrafströmJacob L. EberhardtLars Malmgren andBertil R. R. Persson

From the issue entitled “Special Issue on Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields. Guest Editors: Marko Markov and Panos Kostarakis”

Abstract

The environment in which biology exists has dramatically changed during the last decades. Life was formed during billions of years, exposed to, and shaped by the original physical forces such as gravitation, cosmic irradiation and the terrestrial magnetism. The existing organisms are created to function in harmony with these forces.

However, in the late 19th century mankind introduced the use of electricity and during the very last decades, microwaves of the modern communication society spread around the world. Today one third of the world’s population is owner of the microwave-producing mobile phones.

The question is: to what extent are living organisms affected by these ubiquitous radio frequency fields? Since 1988 our group has studied the effects upon the mammalian blood-brain barrier (BBB) by non-thermal radio frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). These have been revealed to cause significantly increased leakage of albumin through the BBB of exposed rats as compared to non-exposed animals—in a total series of about two thousand animals.

One remarkable observation is the fact that the lowest energy levels give rise to the most pronounced albumin leakage. If mobile communication, even at extremely low energy levels, causes the users’ own albumin to leak out through the blood-brain barrier (BBB), also other unwanted and toxic molecules in the blood, may leak into the brain tissue and concentrate in and damage the neurons and glial cells of the brain.

In later studies we have shown that a 2-h exposure to GSM 915 MHz at non-thermal levels, gives rise to significant neuronal damage, seen 28 and 50 days after the exposure. In our continued research, the non-thermal effects (histology, memory functions) of long-term exposure for 13 months are studied as well as the effects of short term GSM 1,800 MHz upon gene expression.

Most of our findings support that living organisms are affected by the non-thermal radio frequency fields. Studies from other laboratories in some cases find effects, while in other cases effects are not seen. Our conclusion is that all researchers involved in this field have the obligation to intensify this research in order to reduce, or avoid, the possible negative effects of the man made microwaves!

[Note from Felicia: An acknowledged genius, Dr. Feldenkrais was often asked to define ‘genius.’ One of his replies was ‘a genius is able to make connections between apparently disparate areas of thinking, or to apply approaches from one problem to a seemingly different problem.’]

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